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Why Isn’t Your Oven Heating Up? 

fresh baked bread
Learn the different types of ovens, common issues, and solutions. Understand what you can fix on your own and when to call a professional.

An oven that is not heating properly can turn meal preparations into a frustrating ordeal. Whether you’re a baking enthusiast or just someone trying to prepare a simple meal, a functional oven is crucial. Let’s look at how your oven works, common reasons your oven isn’t heating up, and actions you can take to fix it.

How Ovens Work: An Inside Look

Understanding the basic mechanics of your oven is the first step in troubleshooting. Let’s look at the difference between an electric and a gas oven.

Electric Ovens: These ovens depend on two primary heating elements. One is for baking, located at the bottom, and one is for broiling, at the top. When you set the oven to cook, electrical resistance heats these elements to the desired temperature. A malfunction in these elements is often visible, such as a break or blistering on the surface.

Gas Ovens: These units use a burner connected to your home’s gas supply. An ignition system lights the burner. The flow of gas to the burner and the ignition system’s efficiency are critical for the oven’s operation. A common issue is the igniter aging over time, failing to draw enough electrical current to open the gas valve.

As you can see, each type has its heating methods and parts. So, while some issues are universal, others are specific to the kind of oven. 

Common Reasons Your Oven Isn’t Heating Up and What to Do About Them

There can be multiple reasons why your oven isn’t heating up or heating correctly. Here’s a list of common reasons your oven might not be heating up and explanations for each problem to help you decide whether a DIY fix is possible or if professional help is needed.

  • Power Supply Issues: A surprising number of oven issues stem from simple power supply problems. For electric ovens, ensure the plug is firmly in the outlet and check your home’s circuit breaker or fuse box. Gas ovens should have their gas supply valve fully open.
  • Thermostat Calibration Issues: A thermostat regulates the temperature inside the oven cavity. If your oven consistently underheats or overheats, it might require recalibration. This process can vary between models, so refer to your owner’s manual for specific instructions.
  • Oven Setting or User Control Errors: Incorrectly set controls, such as using the “Warm” setting, “Delay Start,” or setting the timer without starting the oven, are easily corrected by reviewing and adjusting the settings as needed.
  • Damaged or Misaligned Door Gaskets: You can trace many oven heating problems back to issues with the door’s seal. For electric and gas ovens alike, a seal that’s not in its proper place or has seen better days can lead to significant heat loss, affecting oven performance. Inspecting the seal for any wear or misalignment is a good first step. Replace gaskets that are damaged or no longer fit properly.
  • Temperature Sensor Failures: The temperature sensor works with the oven’s thermostat to regulate internal temperature. A faulty sensor might send incorrect signals, causing the oven to underheat or overheat. Fortunately, temperature sensors are usually within easy reach, and you can swap them out using simple hand tools, allowing for a straightforward fix.
  • Faulty Heating Elements: In electric ovens, heating elements are essential. If they’re damaged, the appliance might not heat up right or could heat unevenly. First, make sure the oven is off. Then, look at the elements for any damage. If you see damage, replacing the part is relatively simple.

When to call your Champion oven repair technician

While the first six issues are within the abilities of most individuals who can handle a wrench and screwdriver, some problems need an experienced oven repair tech.

  • Ignition Failures: Remember, gas ovens use igniters. A weak igniter can glow but not light the gas burner. If the igniter is the issue, it often requires replacement. Ignition failure is a more complex fix that requires an experienced technician to ensure safety and proper function.
  • Gas Supply Problems: Besides checking the main gas valve, make sure the oven’s specific gas shut-off valve is open. If the gas line is kinked or obstructed, it can also prevent the oven from heating. This task should be performed by a technician with experience working on gas ovens.
  • Blown Thermal Fuse: The thermal fuse prevents your oven from overheating and potentially starting a fire. Their failure means the oven won’t operate until the thermal fuse is replaced. If you suspect a thermal fuse has blown, you’ll need to identify and resolve any underlying issues that initially caused the appliance to overheat. Because of their critical safety role, call us to fix this issue.
  • Defective Safety Valve: The safety valve controls the gas flow to your oven’s burner. If it’s not working right, gas won’t get to the burner, and your oven won’t heat up. Fixing a safety valve involves dealing with gas lines, which can be risky. For safety reasons, it’s best to let a professional handle this. If you’re having trouble with your oven’s gas flow, we’ll safely fix the issue.
  • Faulty Bake or Broil Spark Electrode: The spark electrode plays a role in lighting your oven’s gas. If it’s not working, the appliance won’t start. Fixing this part means dealing with the complex ignition system, which requires specific safety knowledge. If your oven’s having trouble starting, let us take care of it. We’ll ensure it lights up safely and efficiently.
  • Control Board Malfunctions: The control board acts as the oven’s command center. It might not send power to the heating elements or gas igniter if it’s malfunctioning. Diagnosing a control board issue requires a professional appliance repair technician because it involves electrical testing and potentially replacing the board.
  • Electrical Wiring Issues: The wiring inside your electric oven can get damaged or wear down after many uses, especially near parts that get very hot. Handling these wires can be dangerous because of the risk of getting shocked. Having our oven repair experts check and replace any bad wiring is a good idea. They know how to safely fix these issues so your oven works well again without any risks.
  • Improper Installation or Venting Errors: If your gas oven isn’t installed right or has venting troubles, it can mess with how well your oven works and even be unsafe. Fixing these issues involves technical and safety items. If this is your oven’s diagnosis, we’ll set everything up safely and correctly.
  • Electronic Oven Control (EOC) Panel Malfunction: When the electronic control panel on your gas or electric oven starts acting up, it’s not a simple fix. This panel makes everything work together; if it’s not working right, it’s time to call us.
  • Aging or Wear and Tear: Just like anything else, parts of your oven can get worn out over time. These parts could be anything from the oven door hinges to the relays. Since a lot could go wrong, having a professional check things out is the best option. We can spot the issue and know how to fix it, saving you time and trouble. Plus, we can tell you when it’s just time to let the old oven go and get a new one.

That’s a wrap.

An oven not heating up can disrupt your cooking plans, but understanding common issues and solutions can help you quickly return to normal. While some fixes are simple, others require a professional’s touch. 

If you’re facing stubborn oven issues in Madison, WI, contact Champion Appliance Care for oven repair. A family-owned business, we’re committed to providing fair rates and guaranteed results. Join our hundreds of satisfied customers in keeping your household appliances in top condition.

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